The Primary Dealer Credit Facility (PDCF) was created in March 2008 as an overnight loan facility that provided funding to primary dealers in exchange for a specified range of eligible collateral. The PDCF was intended to foster the functioning of financial markets more generally. The facility expired on February 1, 2010. Analysis of the Primary Dealer Credit Facility data provided by the Fed indicates appalling facts.
1. A total $8,959bn was loaned to financial institutions (incl roll over) with a weighted average interest rate of 1.53%. The total collateral against this $8,959bn of loan was $9,665bn, a mere 7.88% overcollateralization in a time of distress and rapidly deteriorating assets. The quality of the collateral posted for PDCF was pitiable. Only 1.4% of the collateral, on average, was traditional collateral posted in form of U.S. Treasury or Agency Debt while corporate securities topped the list with 24% followed by equity at 22% and municipal bond at 14%. Collateral as indicated by rating points to the fact that almost 65% of collateral was either junk or equities. Of the total collateral, 42% was virtually pure junk consisting of MBS / BBB / BB / B / CCC and unrated instruments and equities constituted 23% of collateral. Of the total collateral, 15% was unrated, 7% MBS, 6% BBB, 4% BB, 4% B and 5% CCC or lower. Only 20% of collateral was AAA while 32% was rated A and above. Basically, the Fed simultaneously became the dumping ground for all of the trash that the nation’s big banks needed to get rid of and the world’s largest vulture fund, it’s just that it paid premium prices for the junk (see Buried Deep Within The Files That The Federal Reserve Released On Thier MBS Purchase Program, We Found TARP 2.0!!! More Taxpayer Money To The Banks!).
2. Citigroup was the biggest user of PDCF using almost 20% of PDCF followed by Merrill Lynch (17%), Morgan Stanley (15%) and Bear Sterns (11%). Of the 20 primary dealers, these four banks were the largest users of PDCF. Of these four, all either collapsed or were rescued save Morgan Stanley, and we issued stern warnings regarding Morgan’s predicament in February of 2008, see the riskiest bank on the Street.It appears we were definitely on to something!
3. Barclays took out the single biggest loan ($48bn) under the PDCF in September 2008. Of the top 20 single largest users of PDCF in a day, Morgan Stanley topped the list appearing 16 times – again, referencing the riskiest bank on the Street!
4. Goldman's 86% of collateral consisted of junk securities including equities (48%) while JPM's 88% of collateral consisted of MBS / BBB / BB / B / CCC and unrated instruments, the worst of the lot followed by UBS (71%) and Citigroup London (70%). We have also warned on the Street and the media OVERESTIMATING the strength and health of JPM Morgan, see An Independent Look into JP Morgan.
5. Citigroup tapped the facility 279 times followed by Merrill Lynch 226 times; Morgan Stanley 122 times and Bank of America 118 times. The use of PDCF was highly concentrated with top 4 banks amongst them using almost 70% of the facility.
6. During Sep 2008 alone, financial institutions collectively borrowed $1,192bn from the Primary Dealer Credit Facility.