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More on JPM's Managed Basis earnings management:

"Effective January 1, 2010, the Firm adopted the new accounting guidance for consolidating VIEs and consolidated the assets and liabilities of its firm-sponsored credit card securitization trusts. The income, expense and credit costs associated with these securitization activities are now recorded in the 2010 Consolidated Statements of Income in the same classifications as for credit card loans that were not securitized. As a result of the consolidation of the securitization trusts, reported and managed basis are equivalent for periods beginning after January 1, 2010. Prior to January 1, 2010 the Firm's managed basis presentation also included certain reclassification adjustments that assumed credit card loans securitized by Card Services remained on the Consolidated Balance Sheet. JPMorgan Chase used this concept of managed basis prior to January 1, 2010 to evaluate the credit performance and overall financial performance of the entire managed credit card portfolio as operations were funded and decisions were made about allocating resources, such as employees and capital, based on such managed financial information."